Rural, or folk, architecture doesn’t only include farms (residential houses and barns), but also mills, smitheries, pubs, schools etc. It also features small architecture such as chapels, belfries, crucifixes and crucifixion columns, wells etc., all set in the cultural landscape formed by millennia of human activities.
The design of villages and rural buildings is different in different regions, but it’s always based on the functionality of the agricultural procedures, with specific aesthetics. The differences are caused by landscape, climate, typical local works, ethnics or social standards.
In addition to solitary cultural assets and heritage sites, overall heritage care is extremely important for the protection of the rural architecture. The National Heritage Institute specialists at the headquarters and regional centers take care of 61 rural heritage reserves and 211 zones representing the typological, construction, artistic and social diversity of rural architecture in our country. They organize regular seminars, meetings and workshops for heritage care professionals, specialized companies, craftsmen and the public.